Compile and install programs in HOME
Debian has extensive (50,000+) package archives but sometimes I want that one thing they do not! Or maybe I want to re-compile the source code of a program with different options.
I can make a clean separation between a) programs installed by Debian packages; and b) programs installed by myself; by compiling and installing programs as a non-root user in my home directory.
Volnoti is a lightweight volume notification tool I like to use with i3 and there is no Debian package available.
Download the program source code. Source for
volnoti is hosted on GitHub …
git clone git://github.com/davidbrazdil/volnoti.git
Check the README for any build dependencies and install. All the
volnoti requirements can be satisfied with Debian packages …
sudo apt install libdbus-glib-1-dev libgtk2.0-dev libgdk-pixbuf2.0-dev autoconf automake
Create the destination directory for the program contents. By creating a program-specific directory I can easily remove a program by simply deleting the directory …
mkdir -p ~/opt/volnoti
Apply any necessary fixes …
cd volnoti ./prepare.sh cd src rm value-client-stub.h && make value-client-stub.h rm value-daemon-stub.h && make value-daemon-stub.h cd ..
2. Compile and install
Compile and install program to the custom destination directory …
./configure --prefix=$HOME/opt/volnoti make make install
Add the executable directory
$HOME/opt/volnoti/bin to the PATH in ~/.profile …
# set PATH so it includes programs installed in user's home directory # volnoti - volume notification daemon if [ -d "$HOME/opt/volnoti/bin" ] ; then PATH="$HOME/opt/volnoti/bin:$PATH" fi
3. Run program
volnoti daemon …
Configure daemon to auto-start by adding it to ~/.xinitrc …
volnoti -t 2 &
Links: Volume control and notification and DontBreakDebian