MintyFresh: My setup script for Linux Mint Debian Edition (LMDE 5)

Last edited on 2023-05-08 Tagged under  #lmde   #debian   #linux   #python   #programming 


I've setup a few installs of Linux Mint Debian Edition (LMDE) for family, friends, and myself. I really like it! Mint's Cinnamon desktop comes with sensible defaults, is easy to customize, and intuitive to use for new and old Linux users alike.

MintyFresh is a setup script for the latest release of LMDE 5 aka "Elsie". It is ideally run after the first boot into a fresh LMDE install.

Run mintyfresh -h for options.


  • Upgrade system
  • Install extra packages
  • Auto-remove obsolete kernels and dependencies
  • Setup zram for swap
  • Customize GRUB
  • Set NOPASSWD sudo for your username

How does it work?

Sync package repositories and install git:

$ sudo apt update && sudo apt install git


$ git clone

Change directory and run script with your username as the sole argument:

$ cd mintyfresh
$ sudo ./ <your_username>

Source: MintyFresh


Some of the tasks performed by the script in more detail ...

1. Upgrade system

Update package sources and upgrade to latest package versions ...

$ sudo apt update && sudo apt full-upgrade

2. Install extra packages

Microcode: Check /proc/cpuinfo for CPU and install the appropriate microcode firmware package.

For AMD ...

$ sudo apt install amd64-microcode

For Intel ...

$ sudo apt install intel-microcode

Console packages:

$ sudo apt install apt-file apt-show-versions apt-utils aptitude \
command-not-found cowsay cryptsetup figlet git gnupg htop libxcb-xinerama0 \
lm-sensors lolcat ncalncdu neofetch newsboat openssh-server plocate rsync \
shellcheck sl speedtest-cli tmux tree unzip vim whois zstd

Pyenv: Manage multiple Python versions in Linux using pyenv

Desktop packages:

$ sudo apt install dconf-editor ffmpeg fonts-firacode gimp gimp-data-extras \
gimp-help-en mint-meta-codecs papirus-icon-theme pavucontrol qpdfview rofi vlc

Virtualization: Virtualization using KVM + QEMU + libvirt

3. Auto-remove obsolete kernels and dependencies

Remove obsolete kernels and dependencies on a weekly basis. Always leave at least one older kernel installed and never remove manually installed kernels ...

$ sudo systemctl enable --now mintupdate-automation-autoremove.timer

Create empty placeholder file ...

$ sudo touch /var/lib/linuxmint/mintupdate-automatic-removals-enabled

4. Setup zram for swap

Zram swap on Linux Mint

5. Customize GRUB

Move to /etc/default/grub.d and disable 50_lmde.cfg and 60_mint-theme.cfg ...

$ cd /etc/default/grub.d
$ sudo mv 50_lmde.cfg .50_lmde.cfg
$ sudo mv 60_mint-theme.cfg .60_mint-theme.cfg

Create 60_myconfig.cfg with desired options. Sample config ...

#! /bin/sh
set -e


To enable a background image to the GRUB menu, uncomment GRUB_BACKGROUND and copy image to /boot/grub/grub_wallpaper.png.

Menu colors need to be set in a separate file. Open /etc/grub.d/40_custom and append ...

set menu_color_normal="white/black"
set menu_color_highlight="black/green"

Update GRUB with the new settings ...

$ sudo update-grub


Grant sudo privileges to your username without requiring a password.

Create /etc/sudoers.d/sudoer_<your_username> with the line ...

<your_username> ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL

Create an SSH configuration in the user's home directory ...

$ mkdir ~/.ssh && chmod 700 ~/.ssh
$ touch ~/.ssh/authorized_keys && chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

7. Finish up

If desired, set an alternative for the system editor ...

$ sudo update-alternatives --config editor

Pick an alternate terminal, if more than one is installed ...

$ sudo update-alternatives --config x-terminal-emulator
Thanks for reading! Read other posts?

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